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Sunday, August 7, 2011

Mysteries Of Eternity And Relativity Of Time (Light)

The scientific theory of relativity tells us that there is no absolute definition for ‘Time’.
The answer to the question ‘at what time?’ depends on the system we choose. That is, we can only answer when and where an event took place in terms of a definite moving system, or in terms of a relationship between two moving systems.
For this reason, all definitions of time are relative because there is no absolute measurement of time motion without a reference to another moving system. Therefore, the time referred to, as the “beginning” in Genesis 1:1, was a measurement that was also relative to eternity.

‘In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.’

With reference to the space-time continuum, the earliest beginning of time could only be measured relative to the light of eternity, which refers to the infinitely infinite ever-present realm of light that has no beginning. The very beginning of time that was relative to eternity refers to the beginning of the universe, which is scientifically observed to have begun about 13.7 billion years ago. This measurement of time is also a relative measurement of the motion of light from eternity.

With reference to scientific information, light is an electromagnetic energy that was neither created nor can it be destroyed but it can only move from a state of energy to another.
According to the big bang model, space, time, and matter simultaneously expanded from light into physical existence. Therefore, time cannot be separated from space and the scientific explanation of how time is interwoven with space is called the space-time continuum. This “space-time” continuum in the theory of relativity teaches that the two categories of space and time are inseparably related to each other such that neither can be properly defined without referring to the other.
It also explains how the arena of all events in the realm of time also occurs in space.

Hence, the mathematical model of this concept of space-time combines space and time together under a single co-ordinate system, which is specified by length, width, and height while ‘time’ is considered as the fourth dimension of the co-ordinate. Accordingly, a point on the space-time continuum specifies both the time and space coordinates of an event. Therefore, an event is a reference to a unique location in space at a unique time. In other words, an event on the space-time continuum is a specific reference to a unique position in three-dimensional space at a particular time, which specifies its fourth dimension in space.

In view of above illustrations, the point that the motion of light first stretched or expanded out of eternity into space-time can be described as the first event on the space-time continuum, which coincides with the beginning of time and the universe.
This first event on the space-time continuum is the reference point for all events in the realm of space and time, which also coincides with the beginning of the universe long before the earth was formed. Scientifically, the time that the Genesis creation ended is a specific reference to the point of another event on the space-time continuum. Correspondingly, the interval separating two points on the space-time continuum is measured as the duration of time between two events.
A typical example of the interval that is measured as the duration of time between two points or events on the space-time continuum is the seven days of Genesis creation, which is also a relative measurement of time with reference to the points that the Genesis creation began and ended.

Furthermore, it is worth mentioning that the most important similarity between biblical and scientific concept of time is the motion light relative to any other motion in space. All motions in space-time are events relative to the speed of light. These events must undergo physical changes in form of ageing due to frictional changes of objects in motion relative to the speed of light, as shall be discussed in subsequent blog posts.

We can also infer from the Genesis creation story that time measurement began simultaneously with the motion of light in space. According to the account of Genesis creation, ‘time’ is a function of the motion of light in space or the motion of light in darkness (Genesis 1: 3-4).
The scripture below confirms how the biblical concept of time is a reference to the motion of the light that was separated from eternity at the beginning for the creation of the universe and all creatures therein.

‘And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.’

With reference to the discussion above, Genesis 1: 3-4 reveals how time is the motion of the light that was set aside from eternity for the creation of the universe and for the use of all creatures in space.
It also reveals how the 'time' measured as a day is a reference to the motion of light in darkness.

Time began with the light that was separated from the ever-present realm.
Time is what accounts for the difference between the energetic light of the ever-present realm of eternity and the portion of light in space.
The difference between the light in eternity and the light in space-time can also be understood from the difference between the energetic light inside the nucleus and the light outside the nucleus.
In comparison with spacetime, there is no darkness in eternity because its energetic state of light is like the invisible energetic light that fills the atomic nucleus at the highest frequency of the gamma ray spectrum. The picture of this energetic light in the eternal and immortal realm that is parallel to the light inside the atomic nucleus is revealed in 1Timothy 6:16 :

“Who only has immortality, dwelling in the light which no man approach unto: whom no man has seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting.”

Time is like the motion of light in darkness of space surrounding the atomic nucleus. In most contexts, time is a reference to the motion of light in darkness, which literally refers to the measurement of daytime. So, it is usual to measure time by stating that seven days make one week while it would be awkward to say that seven nights make one week. In other words, the literal definition of time is a measurement of the motion of light in space and not darkness.
All objects in space are in motion relative to a source of light and the position of an object in its space motion relative to its source of light is measured as ‘time’. Therefore, ‘time’ is a relative phenomenon that is dependent on the position of an observer in space relative to a source of light.

‘Time’ is a relative phenomenon that is dependent on the position of an observer in space relative to a source of light and any other relative motion is an event in space-time with respect to the observer’s frame of reference.
For instance, the time measured by an observer on planet Earth is a reference to the observer’s position in space-time motion relative to the light of the sun, which is also in motion relative to a greater light in the Milky Way galaxy. Consequently, we can only answer the time an event took place in terms of a definite moving system, or in terms of a relationship between two moving systems.

As indicated in the contexts below, there is no absolute scientific measurement of time because the rate at which time flows depends on the relative motion between observers in space and the acceleration of the gravitational field between them.
2Pet. 3: 8 reveals the relativity of time by stating that:
'But beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.’
Likewise, Psalm 90:4, confirms the relativity of time by stating that:
‘For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past and as a watch in the night.’

Moreover, it is worthy to note that the light that came into the world at the beginning of Genesis creation events was the light that was used to measure the first day of Genesis creation, which is a greater light in comparison with the light of the solar system that was created on the fourth day of creation.
According to Genesis 1: 14-19, the light of the Sun that was made on the fourth day of creation was specifically created for the purpose of measuring time from the perspective of an Earth bound observer, which was a relative measurement of time with respect to the greater light that came into space on the first day of creation.

‘And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser night to rule the night: he made the stars also, And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth…. And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.’

In relativity context, the light used for measuring each of the seven days of Genesis creation was a different type of space-time from the light of the Sun that was created on the fourth day of creation, which was for the purpose of measuring time and seasons on Earth.
With respect to the theory of relativity, a particular type of space-time would describe the time measured as the seven days of Genesis creation. Likewise, the measurement of time due to rotation of the earth around the light of the sun would be described by another type of space-time. In both cases, the measurement of time is relative.

Thus, the principle of relativity existed from the very beginning of creation and the Scriptures reveal that all measurements in time and space are relative to the motion of light in darkness.
As a confirmation, the scientific theory of relativity also tells us that all measurements in time and space are relative. Both scriptural and scientific information also reveal the possibility that the passage of time could be slowed down or accelerated in the processes known as time dilation. In Matthew 24: 22-23, the Bible reveals how the time in the days of the Great Tribulation would be dilated so that the elect could be saved.

‘And except those days be shortened, there should be no flesh be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.’

Scientifically, space-time could be accelerated or shortened depending on a person’s motion in space relative to the speed of light, which is the phenomenon known as time dilation.
The scientific ‘Twin Paradox’ theory and time dilation also confirm that time motion could be accelerated or reduced depending on the observer’s inertial frame of reference. For example, a twin travelling in a space shuttle at a speed that is close to the speed of light could return to the earth after six months and find her twin sister forty years older in age.
The nearer you attain the speed of light (186,000 miles per second) in any event, the closer you are in touch with the ever present realm and the effect of ageing will be slower.
The farther you are from the speed of light also implies that you are more likely to stay longer in the past and much older relative to another object that is nearer to the speed of light. This time dilation in relativity phenomena gives an explanation of how the effect of ageing goes slower in a space shuttle that has almost attained the same speed with light.

In subsequent blog posts, we shall consider more of these scientific principles of relativity and the mysteries of the ever-present realm of eternity, which includes the possibility of time travel from both biblical and scientific perspectives.

"One cannot help but be in awe when one contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvellous structure of reality… Never lose a holy curiosity." -Albert Einstein

[References: Unified Field Theory Confirmed With New Scientific Discoveries!!(ISBN: 978-0-9569702-1-3, July 2011 Edition)]

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